Magnesium Deficiency Symptoms

Detecting Magnesium Deficiency Symptoms

Magnesium is one of the many minerals required by our body; it is also one of the most important ones. Magnesium is valuable because it plays a vital role in the enzyme system of the body. Low levels of magnesium can cause the body to inhibit magnesium deficiency symptoms.

The enzyme system is the one which enables every chemical reaction to take place in our body like a spark plug and this system is made up of three parts – a charged mineral, a protein molecule and another smaller organic compound which is most commonly a vitamin. The charged mineral could be zinc, magnesium, manganese, iron or copper. Each of these make up an important co-factor in the whole process. However it is magnesium which is involved in over 350 enzymatic processes making it the most valuable mineral and the only mineral which performs more task than zinc and iron combined.

It can safely be said that magnesium is involved in all of the basic and most necessary functions of daily life thereby making it very essential to optimum health. Some of the bodily functions which are aided by magnesium are digestion, bone formation, healthy functioning of heart, kidneys, muscle relaxation and functions, production of new cells, activation of B vitamins, protecting the adrenals, nervous system and the brain.

Because magnesium affects almost every process, therefore it is found in abundance in our body. It is everywhere – in the teeth, bones and red blood cells.

Important Facts on Magnesium Deficiency

It was not even half a century ago that a famous researcher of magnesium, Dr Edmund B. Fink, revealed some useful information regarding magnesium deficiency in the body. He proved that,

  • Magnesium deficiency is a common ailment amongst people.
  • Although magnesium deficiency is common, yet it still manages to go by undetected.
  • If the deficiency goes undetected for a long time then it can lead to a chronic state and might even prove to be fatal or intensely damaging.
  • Magnesium deficiency symptoms are varied, vague and a lot in number which is why there are a lot more chances of it going undetected for a long time.

Magnesium Deficiency Symptoms

As stated above magnesium deficiency symptoms are many in number and they are varied and because magnesium plays a vital role in almost all bodily functions therefore the symptoms can be exhibited in any organ of the body. So let’s analyze the magnesium deficiency symptoms systematically.

  • The skeletal muscles might show the following magnesium deficiency symptoms:
  1. Cramps,
  2. Twitches
  3. Soreness or tension in muscles,
  4. Back ache
  5. Pain in the neck
  6. Headaches related to tension
  7. Tightness in the chest which makes it hard to breathe.

These symptoms are usually the first to show because magnesium is the key player in the relaxation and contractions of the muscles. Therefore if someone faces extreme spasms of the muscles then it definitely points towards magnesium deficiency.

  • The symptoms which are related to smooth muscles include:
  1. Constipation,
  2. Spasms in the urinary bladder,
  3. Cramps during menstruation,
  4. Pain or difficulty in swallowing anything through the throat,
  5. Difficulty in adjusting to sudden bright lights.
  • The central nervous system is also affected by magnesium deficiency and the symptoms include,
  1. Anxiety,
  2. Insomnia,
  3. Restlessness,
  4. Hyperactivity,
  5. Attacks of panic
  6. Irritation related to menstruation and
  7. Agoraphobia.
  • Magnesium deficiency symptoms which are related to the peripheral nervous system include,
  1. Numbness
  2. Vibratory sensations
  3. Tingling and other
  4. Abnormal sensations.
  • The cardiovascular system is also affected by magnesium deficiency; therefore the magnesium deficiency symptoms manifested there include,
  1. Heart palpitations,
  2. Heart arrhythmias,
  3. Coronary arteries might get affected as well causing angina,
  4. High blood pressure and
  5. Mitral valve prolapse.

Magnesium is very beneficial to the health of the heart and the whole cardiovascular system. Research has shown that it acts as a muscle relaxant and when the blood vessels are relaxed they allow the blood to flow without resistance thus stabilizing the blood pressure. Therefore people in whom magnesium levels are low usually suffer from high blood pressure or abnormal heart rhythms.

The cardiovascular related magnesium deficiency symptoms are tricky because they are not always related to low levels of magnesium. Often these symptoms are present and that too in combination with each other but are not due to magnesium deficiency.

  • Low energy level is another one of magnesium deficiency symptom. This is because magnesium has a lot to do with the body’s ability to convert the food source into energy. The metabolic reaction is dependent upon a lot of chemical reactions which are backed by magnesium. Patients who suffer from low magnesium levels have a constant feeling of being fatigued because their body’s use up a lot of energy to complete a task and hence get tired easily. Those who have the right levels of magnesium utilize their energy in the right way.If the condition goes on unchecked and becomes a constant feature then the symptom can advance into a chronic state which is known as CFS – Chronic Fatigue Syndrome.
  • The menstrual cycle and the hormones are also likely to get affected by low magnesium levels. Studies done on the menstrual cycle of women who were suffering from low levels of magnesium showed how magnesium deficiency affects it. Magnesium deficiency symptoms related to the menstrual cycle include,
  1. Abdominal bloating,
  2. Tenderness in the breasts,
  3. Anxiety,
  4. Fatigue, and
  5. Premenstrual depression.
  • Magnesium is lost through the fluid wastes of the body like sweat, therefore those who sweat a lot like athletes often experience loose stools or excessive cramping. Any of the above mentioned signs which point towards magnesium difficulty can be treated or controlled by taking magnesium supplements in their diet or by taking food which is high in magnesium content.
  • People who take a lot of tension upon themselves usually feel muscle tightness and tenderness; it is a very common symptom. However what is not realized is that both these reactions can be due to magnesium deficiency. Research has been able to establish that there is a link between magnesium deficiency and migraines.

How is Magnesium Deficiency Treated?

The simple way of treating this deficiency is to take whole foods which can ensure a good supply of magnesium. Such foods include nuts, grains, vegetables or seeds. Basically anything that is grown in organic soil will contain good amounts of magnesium. Whereas on the other hand food that is processed is just an empty filler from which all the magnesium has been removed.

Subtle magnesium difficulty can be treated this way but those who suffer from a chronic deficiency will have to take either oral magnesium supplements or in injectable form.

The most common form in which magnesium is available is magnesium oxide; it is also the cheapest form. However magnesium in this form is not absorbed very easily in the body; while other forms like chelated magnesium, magnesium aspartate and magnesium glycinate are all easily absorbed in the body.

It is obvious from all this information that magnesium plays a vital role in all of the key processes and chemical reactions taking place in the body. Its deficiency yields some symptoms which should be given attention right away. So if you note any of the magnesium deficiency symptoms in your body, get it checked right away.

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  1. Excellent info, at 66 I wish I had a lot of this info when I was younger. I suffered migraines so severe I was hospitalized with intractable vomiting 3X, before triptans (imitrex ) became available.
    Thanks for a very informative article.

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